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Safe work environment

Training of employees

According to the Labour Protection Law, employer must provide the training of employees in the field of labour protection. It must be provided to employee in an understandable way taking into consideration his/her education, former training, work experience and abilities as well as particular features of the company. After the training employer must make sure that employee has understood it.

Training of employees in labour protection issues include:

1)      introductory training;

2)      briefing at the work place (initial, repeated, unplanned and target instruction);

3)      thematic training about specific labour protection issue.

Introductory training must be provided to all employees right after they have started on a job position by briefing the employed in labour protection in the company including the following issues:

1)      type of business and main risk factors of the company;

2)      impact of risk factors on safety and health;

3)      internal work regulations;

4)      labour protection system in the company;

5)      importance and procedure of compulsory health checks;

6)      safety signs;

7)      rights and obligations of employees;

8)      representation of employees;

9)      general requirements for action in emergency situations and work accidents;

10)  other labour protection issues.

Introductory training can be performed by:

  • competent institution;
  • competent specialist;
  • labour protection specialist;
  • person appointed by the employer who has a good knowledge of issues included in the introductory training

In initial briefing employees are introduced in the task to be performed and prepared instructions by showing in practice safe work techniques and briefing on the following issues:

1)      general information about the specific establishment, shop, area, site, technological process and equipment, work and work place organization;

2)      safe routing within the territory of establishment, area, shop or object;

3)      risk factors of the specific work place or type of work;

4)      impact of risk factors on health and safety;

5)      safe work techniques;

6)      application of work equipment;

7)      application of means of individual protection;

8)      action in emergency situations and work accidents;

9)      safety signs in the specific work place;

10)  labour protection measures;

11)  other issues of labour protection.

If knowledge of employee after the briefing is unsatisfactory, he/she is forbidden to launch the work and briefing must be repeated. After successful briefing the employee starts on his/her duties and depending on the length of service, experience and type of work is working under the supervision of experienced employee until he/she masters safe work techniques as well as requirements of application of equipment, labour protection and fire safety.

Repeated briefing must be performed to the amount that equals the volume of the initial briefing but not less than once a year, but in work with dangerous equipments as well as in work with increased danger not less than once per six months. It is intended to remind the requirements of labour protection regulations and briefings, to examine and improve the knowledge of employees in this field.

Unplanned briefing is performed if:

  • work conditions, work features, work place, work equipment, technological or work process changes for employees or other factors emerge that can influence the safety of the employed person.
  • accident has taken place or occupational disease is established;
  • employee has stopped working for the period that exceeds 60 calendar days but in case of the work with dangerous equipment or increased danger - for the period that exceeds 45 calendar days.

Target briefing is performed before starting the work if employees:

  • are involved in liquidating the consequences of accident or catastrophe;
  • are performing a one-off work that is not related to the profession, occupation or routine duties of employee;
  • are performing one-off work outside the territory of the company;
  • according to the list confirmed by the employer are performing the work which requires a written warrant (permit). Briefing details are registered in the respective warrant (permit).

Briefing can be performed by:

  • labour protection specialist;
  • person with experience in the respective work (occupation, profession) who has been trained by the labour protection specialist, competent institution or competent specialist.

Labour protection briefing should be prepared as follows:

1.  General requirements:
1.1 conditions for the execution of the respective work;
1.2 specific features of the particular type of work. Dangerous zones of technological process, equipments;
1.3 factors of work environment that pose risk and danger to health and, if necessary, maximum permissible values (limiting values);
1.4 collective and individual labour protection means and their application;
1.5 fire safety and explosion safety requirements;
1.6 electrical safety requirements;
1.7 procedure of informing about determined damages of equipments, devices and instruments;
1.8 procedure of informing about work accident, incident or other emergency situation;
1.9 responsibility about violation of labour protection instruction requirements.

2. Labour protection requirements upon starting the work:
2.1 preparation of work place, means of individual protection for the work;
2.2 test of equipment, instrument, enclosure, alarm, blocking system and other safety device as well as protective ground, airing system, illuminance;
2.3 sequence of starting technological process, equipments, devices, appliances;
2.4 sequence of shift change within continuous technological process;
2.5 cases when it is prohibited to launch the work.

3. Labour protection requirements during the work:
3.1 safe work techniques when using equipments, devices and instruments;
3.2 requirements while working with raw materials and auxiliary materials;
3.3 safe exploitation requirements for transport, lifting equipments and mechanisms;
3.4 conditions for keeping the work place in order;
3.5 specific requirements for application of means of individual protection;
3.6 cases when the work must be stopped;
3.7 actions which are prohibited

4. labour protection requirements upon finishing the work:
4.1 sequence of stopping technological process, safe switching-off, halting of equipments, devices, appliances;
4.2 requirements for putting the work place in order.

5. Labour protection requirements in emergency situations:
5.1 action in situations which can cause incident or accident;
5.2 action in cases of incidents, explosions, fire and accidents;
5.3 delivering the first aid.

However, in cases when instructions include all the labour protection requirements pertaining to the specific work place or type of work, the above mentioned sample of content of instruction can be overlooked.

Data about introductory training must be registered in the respective documents (books). Since October 1, 2010, the samples of these documents and information to be included have changed, nevertheless after this date one can continue filling out the commenced instruction books adding the information from the new samples which are stipulated in the Appendices 3 and 4 of the Regulations No. 749 of the Cabinet of Ministers.

Thematic training is not compulsory but it is performed if it is necessary to train the employees about specific issue of labour protection (for instance, more detailed training about a specific risk factor of work environment, new work equipment, means of individual protection, technology or product). Employer records the process of technical training.