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Internal monitoring of work environment 

In order to establish and also prevent a possible risk for the safety of employees internal monitoring of work environment including the assessment of work environment risks must be performed.

Internal monitoring of work environment is planning, organization, implementation and management of company's business in order to ensure a work environment that is safe and not harmful to health; it means that issues of labour protection must be integrated into the entire activity of the company.

Internal monitoring of work environment in the company is performed by:

  • labour protection specialist appointed by the employer;
  • employer provided that the number of employed does not exceed 10 and employer performs the duties of labour protection specialist;
  • competent institution or competent specialist who performs these duties in the company on the basis of the respective contract.

Internal monitoring of work environment is performed in cooperation among trustee and employees.

Factors of work environment are assessed by means of different techniques:

  • inquiry forms;
  • interviews;
  • forecasts of accident possibilities and severity of consequences;
  • techniques of quantitative assessment. 

One must take into consideration while assessing the risks of work environment:

  • probability of risk and severity level of consequences;
  • current interaction among employees and their duties at work;
  • whether other persons (visitors, students, patients) stay at the work place;
  • accident that occurred in the work place and established occupational diseases;
  • specific and regular working conditions - at work places with regular working conditions (in offices);
  • also intended changes in working conditions - at work places with changeable working conditions (construction).

After the assessment of work environment risk and examining the work places:

  • one determines work places subjected to work environment risk where measures of labour protection should be taken;
  • one elaborates the plan for labour protection measures in which labour protection measures, terms of implementation and persons in charge are determined;
  • one prepares the lists and documents stipulated in the labour protection normative acts, for instance a list of persons, professions (trade) or work places where the employees are subjected to harmful factors of work environment, employees have special working conditions, persons who must undergo compulsory health checks, list of means of individual protection to be used etc. Necessary list can be merged in one or several documents.

The most frequent risk factors of work environment:

  • chemicals (lacquer, paint, synthetic detergents)
  • physical factors (noise, vibration, microclimate, illuminance);
  • dust (welding aerosol, abrasive dust, wood dust);
  • biological factors (agents of tick-borne encephalitis, agents of viral hepatitis B and C, HIV, AIDS);
  • mechanical factors (when working with work equipment, with hazardous devices, working at high altitude);
  • ergonomic factors (work in forced position, uniform movements, displacement of heavy objects);
  • psychosocial factors (lack of time, extra hours, poor relationships with management, colleagues, conflicts).