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Alternative care

There are services alternative to the long-term care and approximated as much as possible to the family environment available at municipalities. Alternative services for residents are provided by the municipalities.

In order to receive alternative care services a person or his/her representative must turn to Municipal social service. Person can receive services of crisis centre and night asylum without addressing municipality.

Care at home is the most demanded and provided municipal service. Such care can be received by persons who cannot take care of themselves due to the health condition, functional impairment or age.

Day care centre is the second of the most demanded alternative care services. There one can receive the necessary care and engage in various leisure activities, develop skills and study.

Day care centres provide services for various resident groups:

  • persons at retirement age;
  • persons with mental health problems;
  • persons with physical disability;
  • disabled children;
  • children from needy families including children with behavioural problems;
  • other resident groups, for instance, persons after release from penitentiary facilities, persons addicted to psychoactive substances and others

State co-finances day care centres which provide services to persons with the mental health problems.

Group home (flat) is a separate flat or house where individual support for solving social problems are provided for persons with mental health problems. State partially covers expenses for stay at group home (flat) for persons who have started self-dependent life after social rehabilitation in halfway house and leaving social care centre.

After moving to the group flat, care centre clients undergo rehabilitation course in the halfway house. It is a transition period from lasting social care to self-dependent life. There persons with mental health problems learn the skills necessary for everyday life - how to cook, do laundry, take care of themselves - in short, to do things they never had to do in the social care centre. Currently there are six halfway houses established in the state social care centres.

Crisis centre is a place where residents who have found themselves in crisis situations can receive a short-term psychological and other kind of help. Certain crisis centres can house their clients as well.

Service flat is particularly adapted to persons with severe functional disabilities. It is arranged in a way to increase a possibility for a person to lead a self-dependent life and take care of himself/herself. Municipality provides also the necessary services for the tenants of the service flat

Asylums and night asylums is a service provided by the municipality for homeless persons and persons in crisis situations. One can stay in the asylum mostly up to 3 months. There one can also receive food and services of social work specialists.