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Jautājums

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In order to be entitled to old age pension, the unemployed person has to hold a social insurance record; the duration of the necessary record varies depending on the type of pension. The insurance record may have an influence also on the calculation of the pension amount. The insurance record is made up of insurance periods during which the social insurance contributions were or had to be made for the particular type of social insurance. The insurance record is also made up of working periods and the equivalent periods that are accumulated until 31 December 1995.

Since 1 January 1996, the insurance record is confirmed by the insurance contributions data accumulated by the SSIA.

Insurance record until 31 December 1990

For Latvian citizens the insurance record is made up of working periods and the equivalent periods spent in the territory of Latvia and the territory of the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR):

1)             mandatory active military service;

2)             career service for soldiers and service for officers in the Army of the Republic of Latvia or in the USSR Armed Forces, if as a result of their activities in the interests of Latvia they were demoted or were called up for active military service after serving their mandatory military service or after graduation of a civil institution of higher learning, if they do not receive a pension from another state, in the specification of the amount of which such service period has been taken into account;

3)             rank and file service and positions of unit commanding personnel in the institutions dealing with internal affairs, with the exception of the VDK (State Security Committee);

4)             periods of study at institutions of higher education, as well as at other educational institutions after the acquisition of secondary education, but not longer than five years in relation to specialisation, in which the acquisition of an education was specified as not more than five years, and not longer than six years in relation to a specialisation, in which the acquisition of an education was specified as more than five years;

5)             the period of time of full time doctoral studies, but not longer than three years, the period of post-graduate education and the period when qualifications were raised;

6)             individual work

7)             the time period that a Group I invalid person or an invalid child up to the age of 16 years was cared for, as well as a person, who has reached 80 years of age;

8)             the time period when a mother raised a child up to the age of 8 years;

9)             paid employment in religious organisations;

10)         the time period spent by politically repressed person in places of imprisonment, deportation, and exile, as well as the time spent while escaping from such places (also outside the territory of the former USSR) is to be multiplied by the amount of three, but that spent in the Far North or the equivalent districts thereof - multiplied by the amount of five;

11)         the time period when the insured person is recognised as an invalid and does not work, but not longer than up to attaining the age necessary for the granting of the old age pension;

12)         employment as a kolkhoz (collective farm) member since age 16.

For foreign citizens, stateless, and Latvian aliens, the insurance record is made up of the mentioned working periods and the equivalent periods spent in the territory of Latvia, and the following equivalent working periods spent in the territory of the former USSR:

1)             periods of study at institutions of higher education, as well as at other educational institutions after the acquisition of secondary education, but not longer than five years in relation to specialisation, in which the acquisition of an education was specified as not more than five years, and not longer than six years in relation to a specialisation, in which the acquisition of an education was specified as more than five years;

2)             the period of time of full time doctoral studies, but not longer than three years, the period of post-graduate education and the period when qualifications were raised;

3)             the time period spent by politically repressed person in places of imprisonment, deportation, and exile, as well as the time spent while escaping from such places (also outside the territory of the former USSR) is to be multiplied by the amount of three, but that spent in the Far North or the equivalent districts thereof - multiplied by the amount of five.

The insurance periods accrued until 31 December 1991 shall not valid, if they have been taken into account in the calculation of pension granted by another state.

In order to prove the insurance period, the person has to submit documents (work record, labour contracts and documents verifying their fulfilment, employers' certificates or archive transcripts, documents issued by educational institutions, military service certificate, etc.). The requirements for the documents are stated in the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 165 "Procedures for Producing Evidence Calculation and Registration of Periods of Insurance" (dated 23 April 2002).

Insurance record from 1 January 1991 until 31 December 1995

Insurance record is made up of the following working periods and the equivalent periods spent in Latvia:

1)             work (except for work as a self-employed person);

2)             mandatory active military service and alternative (working) service;

3)             career service for soldiers and service for officers in the Army of the Republic of Latvia, for Latvian citizens - also in the USSR Armed Forces, if as a result of their activities in the interests of Latvia they were demoted;

4)             rank and file service and positions of unit commanding personnel in the institutions dealing with internal affairs, with the exception of the VDK (State Security Committee);

The periods mentioned in clauses 1 - 4 are included in the insurance record, if the social insurance contributions were made or had to be made during them.

In order to prove the insurance period, the person has to submit documents (work record, labour contracts and documents verifying their fulfilment, archive transcripts, military service certificate, etc.). The requirements for the documents are stated in the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 165 "Procedures for Producing Evidence Calculation and Registration of Periods of Insurance" (dated 23 April 2002).

5)             work as a self-employed person;

6)             periods of study at institutions of higher education, as well as at other educational institutions after the acquisition of secondary education;

7)             period of post-graduate education and the period when qualifications were raised;

8)             the time period that a Group I invalid person or an invalid child up to the age of 16 years was cared for, as well as a person, who has reached 80 years of age;

9)             the time period when a mother raised a child up to the age of 8 years;

The periods mentioned in clauses 5 - 9 are included in the insurance record, provided that the social insurance contributions during such employment period were made by the person itself. The information regarding the contributions made is kept by the SSIA.

10)         the time period when the insured person is recognised as an invalid and does not work, but not longer than up to attaining the age necessary for the granting of the old age pension, which has to be proven with appropriate documents.

The requirements for the documents are stated in the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 165 "Procedures for Producing Evidence Calculation and Registration of Periods of Insurance" (dated 23 April 2002).