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The currently set retirement age which is 62 years will be increased gradually as from year 2014 in compliance with the stipulations of the amendments to the Law "On State Pensions" adopted by Saeima [Parliament] on 14 June 2012.

Starting from 1 January 2014 the retirement age will be increased by three months, until reaching the age of 65 years in 2025:

as of 1 January 2014

-

62 years and three months

as of 1 January 2015

-

62 years and six months

as of 1 January 2016

-

62 years and nine months

as of 1 January 2017

-

63 years

as of 1 January 2018

-

63 years and three months

as of 1 January 2019

-

63 years and six months

as of 1 January 2020

-

63 years and nine months

as of 1 January 2021

-

64 years

as of 1 January 2022

-

64 years and three months

as of 1 January 2023

-

64 years and six months

as of 1 January 2024

-

64 years and nine months

as of 1 January 2025

-

65 years

It is provided that the gradual increase of the retirement age will apply to the persons who have been born as of the 1st January 1952. Thus, the persons who are born during the time period from the 1st January to the 30th September 1952 will be able to retire 3 months later, i.e. at the age of 62 years and 3 months. The persons who are born during the time period from the 1st October 1952 to the 31st December 1952 will be able to retire 6 months later, i.e. at the age of 62 years and 6 months. The persons who are born after the 1st April 1960 will be able to retire upon reaching the age of 65 years.

As the general retirement age is increased also the retirement age of the persons who are entitled to early retirement before reaching the general retirement age will increase; these are parents of five and more children, the parents of disabled children, the persons who were involved in the elimination of the consequences of Chernobyl nuclear accident, the persons who have been subject to political repressions, etc.

Also the retirement age at which the early old-age pension may be claimed will increase. As of year 2014 it will be increased by the increments of 3 months until reaching the age of 63 years in 2025. The entitlement to claim the old-age pension early is provided without setting any term restrictions. Earlier this entitlement was set up to the 31st December 2013. The early old-age pension may be claimed by the persons whose insurance term is at least 30 years. The old-age pension which has been granted early is paid in the amount of 50% and upon reaching the general retirement age the pension is paid in the amount of 100%. The old-age pension is not paid to the persons who have utilised the early retirement option and continue to work as employed persons or self-employed persons until they reach the age required for granting the old-age pension.

The entitlement to claim the old-age pension two years prior to reaching the age required for claiming the old-age pension (at the same time maintaining the possibility of claiming the pension at an earlier age in compliance with the increasing of the retirement age set until now) for the persons whose total insurance term is not below:

1) 20 years for men and 15 years for women, if at least 25% of this term has been the employment in particularly harmful or especially difficult working conditions until the 31st December 1995 (List No. 1);

2) 25 years for men and 20 years for women, if at least 25% of this term has been the employment in harmful or difficult working conditions until the 31st December 1995 (List No. 2).

The insurance term required for granting the old-age pension will be 15 years during the time period from the 1st January 2014 to the 31st December 2024 and 20 years as of year 2025.

The term of application of the allowance for calculating the initial pension capital was extended to the 31st December 2015. It was set up to the 31st December 2013 before. According to this allowance, regarding the persons whose insurance term is at least 30 years and above and whose income has been below the mean income in the state during the time period which was essential for the calculation of the initial pension capital (1996-1999), the mean wage of the relevant period in the country will be used for calculating this capital instead of their individual wage from which social insurance contributions have been paid.

For the citizens of Latvia the active military service in the USSR army until the 31st December 1990 will be included in the insurance term also in cases if the place of the service has been outside Latvia and the territory of the former USSR.

If the old-age pension is granted for the period during which the compensation for the loss of the working ability has been paid, the pension to be paid will be reduced by the amount equal to the received compensation. If the pension for the loss of a guardian is granted for the period during which the benefit has been paid to the guardian for taking care of the child, the pension to be paid out will be reduced by the amount equal to the received benefit.

A child's parent or guardian whose insurance term is at least 25 years (30 years earlier) will be able to claim the old-age pension 5 years earlier if, during the time period until the child has reached the age of 18 years:
1) he or she has been taking care of 5 or more children for at least 8 years;
2) he or she has been taking care of a disabled child whose disability has been confirmed for at least 8 years for a period of at least 8 years.

The above entitlement will not apply to the persons who have been deprived of their care or guardianship rights or who have been dismissed as guardians because they have not performed this obligation with due care.

At the same time it is planned to transfer the source of supplements to the old-age and disability pensions from the social insurance budget to the basic budget as of 2014.

The provisions have been updated for ensuring that several countries do not pay the pension for the same insurance term. The pension will be granted as of the day when the entitlement to it has been established, however earliest 6 months (12 months before) prior to the submission of the pension application.

It will be possible to submit the pension application and the documents required for granting the pension (or recalculation of the pension) to the State Social Insurance Agency also electronically in compliance with regulatory enactments on drafting electronic documents.

The State Social Insurance Agency will issue the certificate of a recipient of the long-service  pension to the persons to whom the long-service pension has been granted in compliance with the Regulations "On long-service pensions" or the Regulations "On the pensions of the staff and commanders of the interior authorities (employers' pensions)".